We’ve all had the occasional bump on the head. But do you know how to recognize the signs of a concussion in yourself or your loved ones?
It’s important that a trained health care professional determine the severity of the concussion and when it is safe to return to sports. Moore Orthopedics and Sports Medicine offers a concussion clinic where patients can meet with a qualified sports medicine physician for an expert diagnosis.
By using a variety of clinical tools to assess the severity and progress of each injury, individualized recommendations are made for each patient’s treatment and return to activity.
CONCUSSION SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Concussion symptoms can vary from person to person, but typical signs include:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Blurry or double vision
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Fatigue and/or drowsiness
Amnesia: trouble remembering events prior to or immediately after the blow to the head
A concussion may or may not result in loss of consciousness. If you suspect a concussion and the symptoms appear to be getting worse, take the patient to the nearest emergency department.
MOSM recommends that all athletes, especially those involved in contact sports, complete a computerized neurocognitive test using the ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assesssment and Cognitive Testing) system before their sports season starts to establish a baseline.
The baseline can then be compared to a post-concussion test should the athlete suffer a head injury during their season. Comparing the baseline and post-concussion scores allow schools, teams and healthcare providers to determine the athlete’s ability to return to school and athletic participation.
Baseline testing is recommended for athletes above age 10 and participating in contact sports such as:
In the event of a concussion, the brain needs rest from sports and school in order to heal. It is never safe to return to play if an athlete is experiencing any symptoms of a concussion.
Even if an athlete has not received a baseline test, he or she can still take the ImPACT test post-concussion due to its ability to assess severity of concussion and determine when it’s safe for them to return to play. Learn more about the ImPACT test.
ImPACT® Concussion Testing
MOSM utilizes the ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) system, which employs computerized neurocognitive assessment tools to assist in determining an athlete’s ability to return to play after suffering a concussion.
The ImPACT concussion testing system is the most widely used, computer-based testing program in the world and is implemented across high school, collegiate and professional level sports, including the NFL.
The ImPACT program measures multiple aspects of cognitive functioning in athletes, including:
- Attention span
- Working memory
- Sustained and selective attention time
- Response variability
- Non-verbal problem solving
- Reaction time
Impact test features:
- Measures player symptoms
- Measures verbal and visual memory, processing speed and reaction time
- Reaction time measured to a 1/100th of second
- Assists clinicians and athletic trainers in making difficult return-to-play decisions
- Provides reliable baseline test information
- Produces a comprehensive report of test results
- Results are presented as a PDF file and can be emailed
- Automatically stores data from repeat testing
- Testing is administered online for individuals or groups
Even if an athlete has not received a baseline test, he or she can still take the ImPACT test post-concussion due to its ability to assess severity of concussion and determine when it’s safe for them to return to play.